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Thursday
May172012

2000 Photos In 3 Minutes

A friend sends you 2000 photos from her recent vacation. Are you are going to look at every single one? Let's be honest. Who wants to see other people's vacation photos? Nobody. Except, one thousand people wanted to see mine. What did I do to make them want to do so?

Congratulations! You just looked at 2000 photos in three minutes. Phew!

I came back from business trip to France last week and had twelve thousand photos on my hard drive. I was not going to edit them all and upload them into a giant album. But I also did not want to throw them away. I decided to make them interesting enough for my friends to want to look at them.

How can you do it?

Here is my "unconference demo" from Google+ Photographer Conference and an interview for Photo Talk Plus. Written instructions are below these two videos.

Some people pointed out that this technique is not a stop motion as it does not match the definition. Some pointed out that it's more of a time lapse. I am using both teqniques in my videos and calling it time-motion or stop-lapse isn't appealing.

There are many tools and many sites explaining how to make stop motion videos. Trey Ratcliff also put together a great screencast with instructions. You can use any tools you like, as long as you follow the steps below:

1.  Take lots of very similar photos 

In order to make your stop motion "flow", take tons of photos of the same thing. Use various techniques to make every image slightly different.

  • Move camera slightly between every shot.
  • Circle around subjects, or move the camera towards or away from the subject.
  • Move your subject between every shot. If the subject is a person, let them walk towards or away from the camera. Photograph people walking, dancing, jumping, etc.

To see more techniques, check out my how to videos on stopmotionista.com.

If you travel, don't forget to photograph while you are in transport. Travel videos look better if you show the whole journey, including the airports and trains.

2. Optional: Reorder and crop

In an ideal world, you don't need to reorder the photos. Chronologic videos are great and show your journey accurately. But you will often find yourself in a situation when you need to swap some photos to make the story flow better.

Cropping might be needed if you want to create a true HD video which requires an aspect ratio of 16:9. However, if you are happy with the aspect ratio of the photos straight out of the camera (4:3 or 6:4), you can skip the cropping. YouTube will then pad your final video will black stripes on the left and right.

3. Save resized images with new file names

After you reorder the photos in your favorite photo editor (Lightroom, Picasa), you need to rename them so that they keep the new order after they are sorted by the file name. If you have photos from two or more cameras, synchronize them by time and then export (save) with new names containing sequence numbers. I used Adobe Lightroom to do this.

Lightroom allows me to automatically resize all images while saving them with new names. The above video was generated from photos that were 720 pixels wide. It's decent enough for viewing on a small laptop or an iPhone. For better resolution, pick 1280x720. I did however keep the original 6:4 aspect ratio and you should see black stripes on the left and right of the frame.

This is what a renamed file sequence would look like. As you can see, it sorts nicely by file name.

4. Convert the photo sequence into a movie file 

Convert the photo sequence into a video file. I used an advanced function "Open Image Sequence" in QuickTime Player 7 do this (the license cost $30 but it's totally worth it). QuickTime will then ask you to select a frame rate. I picked 12 frames per second. After you choose the frame rate, you'll be presented with your stopmotion video. It will be silent, but it will already look cool. :) Congratulations! Pat yourself on a back, save it into a .mov file and move onto the next step!

5. Optional: Add magic

You can stop now and enjoy your silent movie or you can continue editing your video further.

The next thing you probably want to do is to add sound. Pick an upbeat song to match the fast frame rate of the video. I found this amazing song by We Like Monsters and it matched my video perfectly! You can find free tracks at jamendo.com and freemusicarchive.org.

After you select a song, you'll realize that the length of the song does not match the length of the movie. It seems like you'd need to trim one or the other. It's easier to shorten few long movie sequences in order to make the movie match the song length. I used iMovie for this job.

iMovie also lets you insert a sequence with animated globe which enhances travel videos with facts about where you traveled from and where you traveled to. Just click on the globe icon on the bottom right of your iMovie app.

6. Upload to YouTube

Upload your movie to YouTube with the highest possible resolution. It might take longer, but you wouldn't need to be frustrated with poor quality once you watch it on YouTube.

7. Tell them

Tell all your friends about your new video. While you're at it, you can also share this blog post with them to show them how you did it. Trust me, they'll be asking.

Make sure to check out my main stopmotion site stopmotionista.com and if you feel crafty, also check out my "HOW TO" series to learn how to make other creative things.

And don't forget to send me links to your creations. I can't wait to see them!

Petra

 

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Reader Comments (20)

Hi Petra

Sharing is King !!!

Thanks for sharing this method / guideline. I will definitely try this out on my forthcoming summer vacation to Rome and Lago d'Orta in Italy. You make it look so easy - I hope not to struggle too much with it, when to time comes ...

Kind regards from Denmark....
/Anders

May 30, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterAnders

Petra, this is incredible. Saw your G+ Photographers Conference wrap over at scottkelby.com and was blown away. Little did I realise you'd show us how to pull it off ourselves (obviously without the immense talent you hold close - but we can dream!).

Innovative content at its very best. Thank you, as Anders said, for sharing some of your awe!

May 31, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterDave Thackeray

Arguing timelapse vs stop motion is silly. The viso isn't either. From now on, you must say that it is PETRAFIED! ;-) Great stuff and thanks for posting.

June 2, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterLibby

Hello Petra,

I just found you and thank you for sharing this. I'm going to practice, practice, and give it a try. My sons high school prom is this Friday, so maybe I can try to do something special for him. Here's a little video I did at the end of last year for a blog I used to write about bicycles. If only I had seen your work before I did this terrible video it might have come out better. I need to practice more with iMovie.

http://bikesinmotion.blogspot.com/2011/12/way-back-home.html

June 5, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterSue

Very good idea and thanks for sharing the how-to as well!

Bal√°zs

June 7, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterdLux

Petra, thank you so much for the video, and for sharing your process. It is very inspiring to me, as I have only recently jumped into photo/video movie making.
You make it look easy! And fun.

June 7, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterKarla Pitts

Thanks for the inspiration! I saw this the week before our Hawaii vacation, so I tried it and I really like the results:
http://youtu.be/xXcblqMS0-Y
I realize now I should have taken more photos per shot. Some are ok, but many are too short once you pull them in to the video editor. I had to slow down the frame rate in a few cases so you could see the pictures.
Thanks again!

June 13, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterDion Davidson

wow ! your post is so informative and so helpful. I am waiting for your next post. keep it up.

June 14, 2012 | Unregistered Commentertuckpointing chicago

Thanks Petra, just saw you on TWiT photo, I now have inspiration for my next photo trip.

Thanks again for sharing.

June 19, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterCraig

So I heard you on TWIP and really appreciate all of the sharing. I just wanted to try one out and it's very short and I slowed the footage down since I lacked the 2000 photos in final cut. Thanks for sharing and I will be adding this into the arsenal to try to stay fresh! Thanks again and I hope you enjoy your summer! https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=3861537390355

June 23, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterMo

Such a cool method for sharing photos. Love the TWIP appearance too.

One problem I'm having is opening multiple files under the "open image sequence" selection.
Does anyone have a suggestion on this?

Thanks for the guide.

Nelson

July 2, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterNelson Tapias

Petra thanks for sharing. I tried my first stop motion video of an annual event here in Dallas called the Taste of Dallas. I made a few mistakes and should have taken more shots of the interesting subjects. I had a great time and learned a lot. Can't wait for my next video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z_8I-HwSnHs

July 17, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterFitz

Petra...Thanks for sharing your videos and how-to's. I'm anxious to get started. I'm stuck though. When I "open image sequence", I can only select one file from the whole folder of images. Therefore, I have a video with one image......not very compelling, to say the least. Help! I hope to hear from you as I'm sure it's something simple I am NOT doing. Thanks you, in advance.

July 23, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterWes

Thanks Petra! Caught you on the "The Grid" introducing you with this technique. I had fun doing this. Check it out!

http://youtu.be/LFkbpw23uJs

September 1, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterCharles Gesner

Wes,
Unfortunately, I don't know what might have gone wrong with your software. Is it Quicktime Player 7.0?

September 2, 2012 | Registered CommenterPetra Cross

Petra you inspired me to create a similar video for a conference I went to in a dimly lite banquet room to add more excitement, I think it turned out well. I gave you credit it in the blog post.

Thanks for the inspiration!
http://www.learningdslrvideo.com/stillmotion-know-tour/

Dave Dugdale

September 13, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterDave Dugdale

One of the coolest things I have seen in a long time. Raw, Crisp, Retro, and Stylish.

Thank you for posting.

September 14, 2012 | Unregistered CommenterMichael S. Gruich

For those of you that wish to use an open tool that allows for more scripting / batch control over the video source rendering, use ffmpeg for creating your 12 fps video source instead of buying Quicktime license.

Command for 12fps (12 per 1 second; rate of 12/1):
ffmpeg -f image2 -r 12/1 -i img%03d.png -vcodec libx264 out.mp4

Be sure your files are named appropriately. The pattern used is for C printf function so %03d means 3 digits, or imgXXX.png. If you're on linux or mac, you can use the image2pipe filter in the terminal to feed all images in a folder into the render, rather than worrying about filename convention:
cat *.jpg | ffmpeg -f image2pipe -r 12/1 -vcodec libx264 -i - out.mp4

Stack Overflow Post where I found the information I needed. I'm an ffmpeg veteran, so this is a nice addition to my ffmepg scripting abilities to use to the image2 and image2pipe functions.

January 23, 2013 | Unregistered CommenterZach S.

Hello Petra,

Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge :) I have started incorporating these into the weddings that I shoot and hope to make it a full time thing. I do have a question about music licensing when adding popular songs to a video that I am selling to a client. Do you know anything about this or where I could find some pricing and information? Thanks again.

-Kelly

January 6, 2014 | Unregistered CommenterKelly Garsee

Hi Kelly, There are lots of royalty free songs you can use even commercially. However, I'm not an expert on these things. I suggest you google for some advice online, since you are not the only photographer/videographer that needs music that will be sold to clients.

January 12, 2014 | Registered CommenterPetra Cross

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